Nathan Skinner

Freelance Chemical Engineer & Material Engineer

Location:United States
Phone: 805-202-6446
2 Skills
Nathan Skinner

Position Desired

Scientist / Chemist, Applied Research and Development / Process Engineering

Industrial Experience, Research and Development

Consulting Scientist / Engineer – REACTS III, Goleta, CA (2005 - Present)
• Environmental – efficient heat transfer, easily degraded batteries, detoxifying hazardous waste
• Molecular engineering – increasing recombination rate, carriers for inserting new genes
• Water purification – community, military, and private, - safe good tasting water, anywhere
• Sporting goods items – surfboarding, skateboarding, rock climbing

Scientist – Photon Imaging, Northridge, CA (2001-2005)
• Developed Processes and equipment for large, uniform, polycrystalline, mercuric iodide films
• In charge of laboratory to produce ultra-pure, carbon-free mercuric iodide
• Invented – barrier film pre-seeding for uniform growth of mercuric iodide on these films
• Process for growth of mercuric iodide on curved surfaces, for anti-coincidence shielding

Consulting Chemist / Engineer – Nathan Skinner, Carpinteria, CA (1997-2001)
• Developed – faster, long storage life, water purifiers for safe, good tasting, drinking water
• Education aids – demo & hands-on experiments for preschool, high school & adults
• Developed – more than a dozen camping supplies and sporting goods

Technical Director ¬– Advanced Detectors; Santa Barbara, CA (1991-1997)
• Invented, designed, and built special equipment, and related processes for HgI2
• Directed operations in HgI2 purification, synthesis, and crystal growth laboratories
• Synthesized ultra pure HgI2, with no detectable carbon (previously believed impossible)
• Invented, and designed new single crystal, seeding, doping, and growth, furnaces

Scientist III – EG&G EM; Goleta, CA (1976-1991)
• Developed processes and equipment needed to produce ultra pure mercuric iodide
• Invented new furnaces and seeding processes, and grew large single crystals of HgI2
• Inventions for NASA’s successful SL-3, VCG Experiment, Ground Control Gold Shift leader
• Patented direct vapor-solid synthesis. Better purity & control. Assigned to US DOE
• Invented process that decontaminated lab waste water allowing sewer disposal

Engineer – Santa Barbara Research Center, Goleta, CA (1970-1976)
• Invented process and grew usable In.65Ga.35Sb1.0 crystals. (Previously considered impossible)
• Patented process for 15-9s InSb, doubled yield, cut costs 50%, new products, increased sales
• Quickly completed old “impossible” projects, LHe tests-75% time cut, & Irtran-Dumet seal, etc

Engineer – Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, CA (1967-1970)
• Perfected equipment and processes for open tube vapor epitaxial growth of GaAs
• Perfected substrate preparation processes and techniques for this epitaxial growth
• Experiments to establish GaAs doping levels and grew thick N & P doped epitaxial films

Lab Supervisor – Sahagan Industries, Huntington Beach, CA (1962-1967)
• Pioneered open tube, multi-layer P/N, vapor epitaxial gallium arsenide (GaAs)
• Zone-refined GaAs for higher purity, grew 100gm single crystals
• Supervised the Crystal Growth, Diffusion, Photolithography, and Evaporation Labs

Lab Technician – Crys-Tech, Tustin, CA (1960-1962)
• Grew the world’s 1st 100+ gm single crystals of GaAs, and of InAs
• Engineered, and fabricated the mold, cast the first hollow GaAs hemisphere IR window
• Designed crystal growth furnaces, thermal controls’ sensitivity increased 1 order of magnitude

Lab Technician – Hughes Semiconductor, Newport Beach, CA (1959-1960)
• Developed new specific purpose laboratory process equipment

Lab Technician – Narmco, Costa Mesa, CA (1956-1959)
• Invented new adhesive that out performed the “Theoretical Adhesive” and Eastman 910

Awards and Acknowledgments

• Letter of commendation from NASA for the success of the VCG Experiment, 1985
• Scientist preferred for experiment updates, chosen by Media covering Spacelab 3, 1985
• Ground Control, Gold Shift Lead on Spacelab 3, VCG Experiment, 1985
• Re-engineered entire growth furnace for NASA’s successful Spacelab 3, VCG Experiment
• Invented-developed SexWax in 1970, in 6 years it outsold all other surfboard waxes combined
• REACTS is based on volunteer science demos & hands-on activities with schools since 1972
• Developed science demonstration & hands-on experiments for educational outreach 1972 to -
• Founded “REACTS”- Rediscovery Educational Activities Create Tomorrow’s Scientists, 1990
• Santa Barbara Industry Education Council Award for REACTS activities, 1990
• Parade Magazine published an article on REACTS activities on April 14, 1991
• CNN & Discovery filmed-aired REACTS demos and hands-on activities in May & June 1991
• Listed in Marquis’ Who’s Who in the West, 1994 - 1997
• Listed in American Men and Women of Science, 2003 – 2010

• Developed Non-toxic pseudo pheromone pest control, Sumus, Goleta, CA., 1983
• Invented SexWax, worlds most popular surfboard wax, SexWax, Carpinteria, CA, 1970
• Invented and developed disinfectant iodine solution unable to leach through PE bottles, 1987

• Process for Removing Impurities from Zone-Refined Materials. U.S. Pat. # 3,909,246
• Welding Apparatus. U.S. Pat. # 4,315,732
• Direct Vapor/Solid Synthesis of HgI2 Using Compounds of I and Hg. U.S. Pat. # 4,966,763
• Method for the Growth of Single Crystals of the Semiconductor Alloy InSb-GaSb, applied…

Selected Publications
1. Hartsough, Neal E.; Iwanczyk, Jan S.; Skinner, Nathan; Franks, Larry A.; Patt, Bradley E.; Szawlowski, Marek, “Mercuric iodide polycrystalline films on cylindrical substrates,” Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 5541, pp. 115-125, 2004.

2. N. E. Hartsough, J. S. Iwanczyk, B. E. Patt, and N. L. Skinner, “Imaging performance of mercuric iodide polycrystalline films,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., 2003.

3. J. S. Iwanczyk, B. E. Patt, C. R. Tull, L.R. MacDonald, N. Skinner, E. J. Hoffman, L. Fornaro, “HgI2 polycrystalline films for digital x-ray imagers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl Sci., vol. 49, pp. 160-164, Feb. 2002.

4. J. S. Iwanczyk, B. E. Patt, C. R. Tull, L. R. MacDonald, N. Skinner, E. J. Hoffman, L. Fornaro, L. Mussio, E. Saucedo, and A. Gancharov, “Mercuric Iodide polycrystalline films,” Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 4508, pp. 28-40, Dec 2001.

5. N. L. Skinner, C. Ortale, M. Schieber, and L. van den Berg, “Preparation and evaluation of mercuric iodide for crystal growth,” Nucl Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, vol. A283, pp. 119-122, 1989.

6. S. Steinberg and I. Kaplan, M. Schieber, C. Ortale, N. Skinner, and L. van den Berg, “Total organic carbon and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy methods to determine total carbon and hydrocarbons in mercuric iodide single crystals,” Nucl Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, vol. A283, pp. 123-129, 1989.

7. N. L. Skinner, C. Ortale, M. Schieber, and L. van den Berg, “Modified purification of mercuric iodide for crystal growth,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 89, Issue 1, pp. 86-92, June1988.

8. W. Schnepple, L. van den Berg, N. Skinner, and C. Ortale, “Spacelab 3 Vapor Crystal Growth Experiment,” NASA Conference Pub. 2429, Spacelab 3 Mission Science Review, pp. 12-17, 1985.

9. Schnepple, W. F. (EG&G, Inc., Goleta, CA) van den Berg, L. (EG&G, Inc.) Skinner, N. (EG&G, Inc.), “Growth of HgI2 single crystals in Spacelab III,” Amer. Inst. Aeronautics & Astronautics, Aerospace Sci., New Orleans, LA, 1979, 4 p.